Dongeng Kita

Dongeng Kita

Bangsa Indonesia memiliki kekayaan cerita rakyat yang sangat mengutamakan nilai-nilai budi pekerti bagi anak-anak. Cerita-cerita rakyat Indonesia lahir dari keunggulan nilai-nilai filsafat nusantara yang dikembangkan melalui sastra tulisan maupun lisan, dan diwariskan secara turun temurun selama ribuan tahun.

Tidak seperti cerita rakyat dari Barat yang didominasi kisah Putri Cantik yang ditawan nenek sihir kemudian dibebaskan oleh Pangeran Tampan, cerita rakyat Indonesia lebih memiliki kekayaan cerita yang bermuatan nilai-nilai moral yang luhur. Misalnya menekankan pada pentingnya sifat menghormati orang tua (Malin Kundang), suka menolong sesama (Asal Usul Telaga Ngebel), tidak boleh mencuri (Kancil Mencuri Timun), atau tidak boleh bersikap tamak (Terjadinya Selat Bali), atau rukun dengan saudara (Bawang Merah dan Bawang Putih). Cerita Rakyat Indonesia juga menekankan pentingnya menjadi orang yang cerdas seperti dalam kisah “Kancil dan Buaya”.  Namun, dalam kisah “Kancil dan Buaya” ini, kecerdasan harus digunakan untuk tujuan baik, bukan untuk bersikap jahat.

Bagi anak-anak, mendengarkan cerita rakyat memang baru sebatas memahami alur ceritanya. Namun, kandungan nilai-nilai moral pada cerita rakyat akan menjadi bibit-bibit moralitas yang akan berguna ketika mereka mulai berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sosialnya. Tidak hanya menjadi panduan dalam berkomunikasi dengan orang-orang di sekitarnya, cerita rakyat ini juga bermanfaat bagi anak-anak untuk melatih kemampuan literasi mereka sejak dini.

Baca –> Dongeng, Melatih Anak Berliterasi Sejak Dini 

Terlepas dari manfaat yang sangat penting bagi perkembangan mentalitas dan intelektualitas anak-anak, cerita rakyat adalah bagian dari kebudayaan bangsa. Cerita rakyat turun temurun dalam kurun waktu yang lama dan menjadi ciri karakter bangsa yang sudah cukup mumpuni dalam literasi. Bangsa Indonesia, adalah salah satu bangsa yang memiliki ratusan atau bahkan ribuan cerita rakyat. Sayangnya, cerita rakyat ini semakin ditinggalkan dan masyarakat banyak yang beralih ke cerita rakyat dari luar seperti Cinderela atau Pinokio. Cerita rakyat dari luar bukanlah hal yang buruk dan malah baik untuk menambah khasanah cerita rakyat. Namun, cerita rakyat Indonesia juga mengajarkan kepada anak-anak mengenal banyak suku bangsa yang menjadi bagian dari negara ini.

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