Dongeng, Melatih Anak Berliterasi Sejak Dini

Mengutip dari rubrik lifestyle www.kompas.com, sebuah survey di Inggris, yang melibatkan 500 anak usia 3 sampai 8 tahun, menunjukkan bahwa 2/3 dari anak yang disurvey menginginkan orang tua (terutama ibu) mereka meluangkan waktu untuk membacakan cerita atau dongeng sebelum tidur. Sayangnya, kehidupan di kota-kota besar banyak menyita waktu orang tua sehingga perhatian ke anak menjadi berkurang.

Saat ini, kegiatan mendongeng semakin ditinggalkan oleh para orang tua karena dianggap merepotkan setelah seharian kelelahan akibat bekerja. Padahal, bagi anak mendongeng bukan sekedar menjadi pengantar tidur, namun merupakan proses pembelajaran awal untuk belajar menyusun kalimat dan mengenal berbagai istilah.

Bagi masyarakat di Indonesia, dongeng bukan hanya hiburan, tetapi juga sarana pendidikan. Kisah-kisah dongeng seperti Si Kancil, Bawang Merah – Bawang Putih, atau Malin Kundang, membawa pesan-pesan yang menyentuh anak-anak sehingga mereka memiliki semangat berperilaku baik.

Mengutip situs www.ayahbunda.co.id dongeng memberikan banyak manfaat bagi anak, antara lain:

  1. Meningkatkan keterampilan bicara anak, karena bayi atau balita akan kenal banyak kosa kata.
  2. Mengembangkan kemampuan berbahasa anak, dengan mendengarkan struktur kalimat.
  3. Meningkatkan minat baca.
  4. Mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir.
  5. Meningkatkan keterampilan problem solving.
  6. Merangsang imajinasi dan kreativitas.
  7. Mengembangkan emosi.
  8. Memperkenalkan nilai-nilai moral.
  9. Memperkenalkan ide-ide baru.
  10. Mengalami budaya lain.
  11. Relaksasi.
  12. Mempererat ikatan emosi dengan orang tua.

Indonesia memiliki khasanah dongeng yang sangat banyak. Dalam beberapa generasi sampai sekarang, turunnya budaya mendongeng membuat berkurangnya referensi dongeng yang dikuasai oleh para orang tua. Namun, sisi baik dari fenomena daring adalah mudahnya mengakses informasi. Berbagai tema dongeng mudah ditemukan di berbagai situs, terutama youtube. Salah satu kanal youtube yang bisa kita akses adalah kanal Dongeng Kita. Di kanal ini, kita bisa mempelajari dan mencari tema-tema yang bisa digunakan mendongeng untuk anak-anak.

_______

Referensi:

12 Manfaat Dongeng, http://www.ayahbunda.co.id/balita-psikologi/12-manfaat-dongeng

Manfaat Dongeng Anak Bagi Pertumbuhan si Kecil, http://www.alodokter.com/manfaat-dongeng-anak-bagi-pertumbuhan-si-kecil

Manfaat Dongeng Untuk Anak, http://lifestyle.kompas.com/read/2012/05/15/14183692/manfaat.dongeng.untuk.anak

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