Toy Story: Feature Film Animasi 3D CGI Pertama

Toy Story: Feature Film Animasi 3D CGI Pertama

Film animasi produksi Pixar, Toy Story, diproduksi perdana pada 1995, ketika teknologi CGI masih dalam proses pengembangan paling awal. Pixar merupakan studio animasi pertama di dunia yang melakukan eksperimen penggunaan teknologi CGI untuk film animasi. Keberhasilan Pixar menjadi stimulan studio-studio animasi lainnya untuk menerapkan teknologi CGI.

Implementasi teknologi 3D CGI ke dalam film animasi komersil bermula dari Toy Story yang rilis pada 19 November 1995. Animasi pertama yang dicatat sebagai feature film 3D CGI ini mendapatkan apresiasi tidak hanya dari pegiat animasi tetapi juga kalangan penggemar animasi.

Toy Story mendapatkan popularitas yang sangat baik. Film animasi berdurasi 81 menit yang menjadi debut John Lasseter ini menghabiskan biaya produksi sebesar 30 Juta US Dollar. Toy Story berhasil menjadi blockbuster setelah mendapatkan pemasukan sebesar 373,5 Juta US Dollar.

Toy Story memberikan pengaruh yang besar bagi industri film animasi. Inovasi teknologi komputer dalam animasi Toy Story ini membuat banyak studio film lainnya ikut mengembangkan teknologi serupa. Studio  seperti Walt Disney, Warner Bross, atau Illumination mulai bereksperimen dengan teknologi 3D CGI. Bahkan, studio yang baru berdiri setelah dirilisnya Toy Story, DreamWorks Animation, langsung mengarahkan produksi film animasi mereka ke teknologi 3D CGI. Film animasi DremWorks, Shrek, merupakan film animasi 3D CGI pertama yang berhasil mendapatkan Oscar khusus film animasi.

Di luar industri film animasi, berbagai industri mulai melakukan eksperimen menerapkan teknologi komputer ini sesuai dengan bidang mereka. Pembuat chip grafis mulai mengembangkan citra yang mirip dengan film animasi untuk kebutuhan personal computer (PC). Para pengembang game mulai mengimplementasikan CGI untuk mereplikasi animasi ke dalam video game. Bahkan, para penelitii robotika bereksperimen membuat kecerdasan buatan ke dalam mesin yang sebagaimana karakter manusia yang terdapat di dalam film.

Tahun 2005, sepuluh tahun setelah rilis perdana, Toy Story terpilih sebagai preservasi di National Film Registry oleh United States Library of Congress. Toy Story merupakan salah satu film dari enam film yang terpilih pada tahun pertama diadakannya preservasi ini.

Namun, meskipun tidak berhasil mendapatkan Oscar setelah gagal bersaing dengan film-film konvensional, John Lasseter masih sempat mendapatkan Oscar untuk kategori Special Achievement Award. Penghargaan individual ini diberikan untuk mengapresiasi keberhasilan Toy Story dalam menerapkan teknik CGI ke dalam feature film animasi. Selain itu, Toy Story juga sempat masuk nominasi Oscar untuk kategori Best Writing, Best Music (Original Song), dan Best Music (Original Musical or Comedy Score).

Di perhelatan Annie Award 1996, Toy Story berhasil memenangkan 8 penghargaan sekaligus. Pada penghargaan tahunan khusus film animasi ini, Toy Story berhasil memenangkan Best Individual Achiement (Music), Best Individual Achievement (Writing), Best Individual Achievement (Directing), Best Invidual Achievement (Producing), Best Individual Achievement (Production Design), Best Individual Achievement (Animation), Best Individual Achievement (Technical Achievement), Best Animated Feature, dan Best Individual Achievement: Voice Acting.

Sekuel Toy Story kemudian dirilis pada tahun 1999. Toy Story 2 melanjutkan kisah petualangan mainan anak-anak yang terpisah dari pemiliknya. Para mainan ini memulai petualangan baru setelah secara tidak sengaja terbuang ke tempat sampah.

Toy Story 2 menghabiskan biaya produksi sebesar 90 Juta Dollar dan mendapatkan pemasukan sebesar 497,4 US Dollar. John Lasseter masih menjadi sutradara sekuel kedua Toy Story. Di sekuel ketiga, Toy Story 3, posisi sutradara diambil alih oleh Lee Unkrich. Sedangkan John Lasseter tetap terlibat dalam penggarapannya sebagai penulis naskah bersama dengan Andrew Stanton dan Lee Unkrich.

Toy Story 3 menghabiskan biaya produksi sebesar 200 Juta US Dollar dengan pendapatan sebesar 1.067 Miliar US Dollar. Toy Story 3 berhasil memenangkan dua Oscar, yaitu untuk Best Animated Feature Film serta Best Achievement in Music Written for Motion Pictures. Di perhelatan Golden Globes, Toy Story 3 memenangkan Best Animated Film. Sedangkan untuk perhelatan Annie Award, Toy Story 3 hanya masuk nominasi untuk Best Animated Feature, Best Directing in a Feature Production, dan Best Writing in an Animated Feature Production.

Official Poster Toy Story (courtesy: www.imdb.com)

Referensi:

Toy Story, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toy_Story

Toy Story, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0114709/awards?ref_=tt_awd

Toy Story 2, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toy_Story_2

Toy Story 3, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toy_Story_3

Toy Story 3, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0435761/awards?ref_=tt_awd

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